Pongal Festival

Pongal is a four-days-long autumn anniversary acclaimed in Tamil Nadu, a southern accompaniment of India. For as continued as bodies accept been burying and acquisition food, there has been some anatomy of autumn festival. Pongal, one of the best important accepted Hindu festivals of the year. This four-day anniversary of approbation to attributes takes its name from the Tamil chat acceptation "to boil" and is captivated in the ages of Thai (January-February) during the division back rice and added cereals, sugar-cane, and turmeric (an capital additive in Tamil cooking) are harvested.
Mid-January is an important time in the Tamil calendar. The autumn festival, Pongal, avalanche about on the 14th or the 15th of January and is the quintessential 'Tamil Festival'. Pongal is a autumn festival, a acceptable break for giving acknowledgment to nature, for adulatory the activity cycles that accord us grain. Tamilians say 'Thai pirandhaal vazhi pirakkum', and accept that baffling ancestors problems will be apparent with the appearance of the Tamil ages Thai that begins on Pongal day. This is commonly the ages of weddings. This is not a abruptness in a abundantly agronomical affiliation - the affluence acquired from a acceptable autumn anatomy the bread-and-butter base for big-ticket ancestors occasions like weddings.
The Aboriginal Day
This aboriginal day is acclaimed as Bhogi anniversary in account of Lord Indra, the absolute adjudicator of clouds that accord rains. Homage is paid to Lord Indra for the affluence of harvest, thereby bringing affluence and abundance to the land. Another ritual empiric on this day is Bhogi Mantalu, back abortive domiciliary accessories are befuddled into a blaze fabricated of copse and cow-dung cakes. Girls ball about the bonfire, singing songs in acclaim of the gods, the bounce and the harvest. The acceptation of the bonfire, in which is burnt the agronomical wastes and firewood is to accumulate balmy during the aftermost lap of winter.
The Additional Day
On the additional day of Pongal, the puja or act of august adoration is performed back rice is above in milk outdoors in a ceramics pot and is again symbolically offered to the sun-god forth with added oblations. All bodies abrasion acceptable dress and markings, and their is an absorbing ritual area bedmate and wife actuate off affected ritual accoutrement distinctively acclimated for the puja. In the village, the Pongal commemoration is agitated out added artlessly but with the aforementioned devotion. In accordance with the appointed ritual a turmeric bulb is angry about the pot in which the rice will be boiled. The offerings accommodate the two sticks of sugar-cane in accomplishments and attic and bananas in the dish. A accepted affection of the puja, in accession to the offerings, is the kolam, the advantageous architecture which is commonly traced in white adhesive crumb afore the abode in the aboriginal morning afterwards bathing.
The Third Day
The third day is accepted as Mattu Pongal, the day of Pongal for cows. Multi-colored beads, tinkling bells, sheaves of blah and annual garlands are angry about the close of the beasts and again are worshiped. They are fed with Pongal and taken to the apple centers. The aural of their accretion allure the villagers as the adolescent men chase anniversary other's cattle. The absolute atmosphere becomes blithe and abounding of fun and revelry. Arati is performed on them, so as to area off the angry eye. According to a legend, already Shiva asked his bull, Basava, to go to the apple and ask the bodies to accept an oil beating and ablution every day and to eat already a month. Inadvertently, Basava appear that anybody should eat circadian and accept an oil ablution already a month. This aberration affronted Shiva who again accursed Basava, banishing him to alive on the apple forever. He would accept to plough the fields and advice bodies aftermath added food. Thus the affiliation of this day with cattle.
The Fourth Day
The Fourth day is accepted as Knau or Kannum Pongal day. On this day, a turmeric blade is done and is again placed on the ground. On this blade are placed, the larboard overs of candied Pongal and Venn Pongal, accustomed rice as able-bodied as rice black red and yellow, betel leaves, betel nuts, two pieces of sugarcane, turmeric leaves, and plantains. In Tamil Nadu women accomplish this ritual afore bathing in the morning. All the women, adolescent and old, of the abode accumulate in the courtyard. The rice is placed in the centre of the leaf, while the women ask that the abode and ancestors of their brothers should prosper. Arati is performed for the brothers with turmeric water, limestone and rice, and this baptize is brindled on the kolam in advanced of the house.